Free Trade Area of the Americas - FTAA

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October 24, 2000

Original: Spanish
Translation: FTAA Secretariat



Name (s) Luz Marina Cañas Andrade, M.Sc.
Organization (s)
(if any)
Colombia, Bogotá

Pasen, pasen las puertas, dentro de los frutos del desarrollo sostenible
Luz Marina Cañas Andrade

This project arises from the need of nations and peoples to exist and live together in sanity, health, justice, honesty and solidarity.

General objective

Thanks to the liberalization of trading relations among the countries of the Americas, the creation-conception of the Commission on Environmental Cooperation and Health of the Peoples of America in the New Millennium, the promotion of sustainable development (social justice, maintenance of ecological integrity, self-determination, satisfying current needs as well as those of future generations…) and the durable development that calls us to recognize that peace, the health of peoples and the Eternal come from almighty God alone, will it be possible to turn the desert into fertile land and turn fertile land into forests; will it be possible to restore the cities and peoples that have been plundered for generations.

Specific objectives

Evaluation of negotiation systems, world trade and multilateral negotiation.
        Regional integration among the different markets of South America, the Caribbean, the North American Free Trade Agreement.

The political, economic, commercial and social evolution of FTAA-member countries.

To propose a policy of economic efficacy and efficiency involving growth in monthly income, environmental protection, fighting poverty, halting the wastage of energy and natural resources, education (especially for women; so they do not become a labor force, especially when they are mothers and time is a precious commodity, raising the living standards of their family and country;, public services and less polluting transport systems.

The analysis of toxic risks in Public Health has revealed the risks that arise from the environment, the risks that stem from energy, the risks that stem from industrial, agricultural and transport activities, and from urban, rural and municipal activities, require that such activities be restructured in this millennium, bringing scientific work to the attention of public opinion, to achieve political activity under appropriate rules; the promotion of population and environmental health, has led us to enter environmental-trade treaties (NAFTA); international laws on the environment, health and development; will lead us towards diplomacy over air, water, land, environmental health and the health of peoples; to the protection of biological diversity in the plowman’s furrow and in the dimension of our commitment toward the children of America and the world, sowing codes without frontiers; where the birds and the butterflies interpret our regional geographic map, these are written, thought and felt in the heart of people to make reality the promise of a better world.

          The most important restructuring - a heart converted to Jesus Christ
          The need for nations and peoples to be nurtured in an optimal level of sanity, health, justice, honesty and solidarity.


Environmental problems in cities are mainly a question of air, water and soil pollution. This - the result of population density in the cities and the massive industrialization of urban areas - waste management - 80% of air pollution stems from motor vehicles. In October 1995 in Quebec, 50 years after its creation, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) declares that on the threshold of the 21st century the world is facing a hunger situation that was unacceptable in the context of world development. In 1990, a group of experts brought together by the United Nations (GESAMP), reflect on the pollution of the oceans; contamination from chemical waste is visible from the poles to the tropics and from the beaches to the ocean depths (lack of clean water means war and hunger).



Invitation to Conception-creation of the Commission on Environmental Cooperation and Health of the Peoples of the Americas by the FTAA; Declaration of the Americas in the New Millennium: proposal to promote agreement on FTAA complementary issues on environmental health and the health of populations… Bogotá, March 2001; primary environmental care (3 Rv, water, reforestation); Local action plan in environmental-human health.

Local action plan in environmental-human health
Luz Marina Cañas Andrade


This project is both component and outcome of a project that began in 1995 with preparation of a local action plan for environmental-human health: for the rehabilitation of the coastal zone of the municipality of Cihuatlán i located between the cities of Melaque, San Patricio, Jaluco and Villa Obregon (in the northwest of Mexico). It also forms part of the Costa Alegré-México project which is sponsored by the Cihuatlán Population Committee.

The project “Promotion of environmental health and health of peoples: cities and peoples of America” ii is an idea being developed in the University of Montreal; it is also a proposal and technical contribution to local initiatives such as that of Cihuatlán in Mexico.

In 1997, in Colombia, the users of Irrigation Districts, the National Institute of Land Development, INAT, proposed Management Regulations for a Healthy District (and eventually country), come together to form part of the World Health Organization “Healthy Cities” project; the benefits will be a healthy human population and fertile land, let us hasten patiently towards a Healthy District. iii

“Pasen, pasen las puertas dentro de los frutos del desarrollo sostenible”

Public health

In the cities, the risks arising from industrial, municipal, rural and urban activities changed people’s conception of land development plans in villages and cities, with a view to avoiding foul-smelling canals, and constructing waste-water collectors, sewerage, water treatment plants - knowing what to do with toxic substances (heavy metals, carcinogenic and teratogenic substances, etc..) - in sludge - recycling (forestry value of sludge, in some cases). Agriculture in which the use of pesticides is not associated with malignant lymphomas (a group of Swedish researchers report an OR on the order of five times for malignant lymphomas and exposure to phenoxy herbicides.

Nose and throat cancer, and cancer of the stomach, associated with ariloxiacids, herbicides, the ability to replace crops with organic products coffee, tropical fruits (melon, cauliflower, papaya, which are decidedly antimutagenic, bituminous rich) easily exportable, avoiding pesticides and seeking to protect air, water and soil with higher quality food products; an industry where vinyl chloride will no more be associated with angiosarcoma of the liver. This, among other things, has produced the initial thrust of the program to renovate traditional industrial plants, to enable them to produce at a faster rate without polluting. The replacement of certain colorants, etc.; air pollution associated with petroleum - the electric car; this is filtering into scientific activity, leading to a better-informed consumer and political administration under appropriate rules.

Sanitary Cordon of the Americas - Health Ministries of the Americas

Luz Marina Cañas Andrade

i Cañas, L.M., Panisset, J.C., Thouez, J.P., 1995

ii Cañas, L.M., Panisset, J.C., Thouez, J.P., 96

iii Cañas, L.M., INAT, Usuarios de los Distritos de Riego., 1997

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